Dark circles are one of the most common problems with men and women nowadays. Inadequate sleep, unhealthy eating patterns, and aging are some of the reasons behind this problem. Although dark circles do not require medical attention but they are an indicator of an unhealthy lifestyle. Here are a few reasons why you could have dark circles and how you can treat them:
Allergies and dry eyes can lead to dark circles. When you have an allergic reaction, your body releases histamines against harmful bacterias. These histamines along with suppressing bacterial growth, also give you uncomfortable symptoms like itching, dryness, puffy eyes and make blood vessels beneath your eyes more visible. Consequently, dark shadows or dark circles beneath your eyes become visible.
Inadequate sleep, oversleeping or a stressful life, can cause dark circles under your eyes. Dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin gets visible when your skin becomes dull due to sleep deprivation. Lack of sleep makes your eyes look puffy due to the collection of fluid under your eyes. This makes darkness under your eyes look more evident.
Excessive strain on eyes
Putting an excessive strain on your eyes by spending a lot of time in front of a computer screen, television or on your mobile phone also makes blood vessels under your eyes enlarged. This causes darkness under your eyes.
As you get older, your skin starts thinning and you start losing fat and collagen which is needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. Due to these dark blood vessels under your eyes becomes much more visible thereby making your dark circles appear.
Treatment for dark circles
The root cause of dark circles is not superficial. The actual problem lies under our body and should be treated in such a way that it has an impact on our inner body. There are few home treatments that can help:
- Apply a cold compress – Wrap few ice cubes in a cloth and apply it under your eyes for 20 minutes. This reduces swelling and shrinks enlarged blood vessels present beneath your eyes. Alternatively, you can also soak a cloth in cold water and then apply it.
- Apply tea bags – Soak black/green tea bags in hot water for 5 minutes and place them in the refrigerator for 10-15 minutes. Then apply these tea bags underneath your eyes. Green/black tea contains antioxidants and caffeine that increases blood flow, shrinks under-eye blood vessels and reduce liquid retention thereby reducing dark circles.
- Elevate your head while sleeping – Along with getting an adequate amount of sleep, another way to fight dark circles is by keeping your head in an elevated position. Put few extra pillows under your head (if comfortable) to keep it elevated. This prevents liquid formation under the eyes which leads to the formation of dark bags.
- Using chemical peels to reduce pigmentation under the eyes
- You can choose laser surgery to tighten skin and its resurfacing.
- Fat removal surgery that removes excess fat and skin to give you much more even and smooth skin.
- Pigment injection through patches or tattoos into areas with thin skin.
As mentioned earlier, dark circles do not pose any alarming medical condition and can be treated well either with home remedies or making changes in your lifestyle. Still, if you are planning to go for cosmetic treatment, do schedule a visit to a doctor or dermatologist.